There is no significant cause for concern about leaking and leaching of toxic materials from solar site infrastructure.[35] Naturally occurring rain is adequate to generally keep the panels clean enough for good electricity production. If panels do need to be washed, the washing process requires nothing more than soap and water. Additionally, the materials used to build each panel provide negligible risk of toxic exposure to the soil, environment, or people in the community. Details about toxicity for aluminum and zinc are described below, and more information on the potential for human toxicity can be found in the NCSU Health and Safety Impacts of Solar Photovoltaics white paper.

  1. ^ North Carolina Clean Energy Technology Center.Health and Safety Impacts of Solar Photovoltaics. May 2017. Accessed June 2017.
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