The amount of grading necessary to prepare a parcel for a utility-scale solar facility is dependent on the slope of land and the type of solar mounting used. In much of N.C., fixed-tilt mounting of PV requires little to no grading for installation of the PV system. Single-axis tracking systems that slowly rotate each row of panels to track the sun’s path across the sky generally require flatter land (typically less than 8% grading) and thus more often require grading of the site, particularly for projects in the Piedmont region or farther west. Typical construction practices require that topsoil be stripped and stockpiled prior to cut/fill operations. The stockpiled topsoil will be redistributed across graded areas, to assist in growing adequate ground cover as quickly as possible to provide ground stabilization. The stripping, stockpiling and redistribution of topsoil in this manner will have some impact on the amount of organics and nutrients that remain in the soil immediately after placement. However, proper ground stabilization practices include soil testing to determine the appropriate levels of lime, fertilizer and seed to be applied to establish ground cover. Proper installation practices require these additives to be tilled into the soil, which effectively reduces the compaction of the upper soil stratum, typically to a depth of 8”-12”. Typical solar projects will not remove any topsoil from the project site, partly due to financial implications, but more importantly due to its value in establishing ground cover as quickly as possible (removing soil also requires a mining permit). Most landowners steer solar projects to their least productive soils on a given piece of property to the extent practical.